Chiropractic is a form of spinal manipulation, which is one of the oldest healing practices. Spinal manipulation was described by Hippocarates in ancient Greece.
The word “chiropractic” combines the Greek words cheir (hand) and praxis (action) and means “done by hand.” Chiropractic is an alternative medical system and takes a different approach from conventional medicine in diagnosing, classifying and treating medical problems.
In 1895, Daniel David Palmer founded the modern profession of chiropractic in Davenport , Iowa . Dr. Palmer observed that the body has a natural healing ability that he believed is controlled by the nervous system. He also believed that subluxations (misalignments) of the spine interrupt or interfere with this “nerve flow.” By extension, if an organ does not receive its normal supply of impulses from the nerves, it can become diseased. This line of thinking led Dr. Palmer to develop a procedure to “adjust” the vertebrae, the bones of the spinal column, with the goal of correcting subluxations.
A specific method of chiropractic care is the Gonstead method, practiced by Dr. Gillis.